The main programmes and activities of SAI
consist of schemes drawn up and approved within the SAI and schemes of
the Department implemented through the SAI on an agency basis. The main
schemes of the SAI are given below:
Sports Talent Contest (NSTC)
Projects Development Area (SPDA)
Sports Companies in the Army
Science Research Fellowship Scheme
(a) National Sports Talent
Started in 1985, this scheme attempts to
identify talented school children in the age group of 9 to 12 years.
Children are selected in 10 Olympic disciplines, viz. Athletics,
Basketball, Badminton, Boxing, Football, Gymnastics, Hockey, Table
Tennis, Volleyball and Wrestling through a series of tests and contests
held at various levels.
Following selection, these children are
admitted in SAI adopted schools (of which there are 58 at present) where
their board, lodging and tuition fees are met by SAI. SAI also provides
coaches and special infrastructure facilities to these schools, along
with recurring grants for maintenance and equipment.
(b) Special Area Games
This scheme, started in 1985, aims at
identifying population groups and regions where natural talent and
aptitude for a particular sport exists. The scheme involves a process of
identification and survey of areas and regions, special competitions to
assess potential, selection of promising young boys and girls and
intensive training at SAG centres, where educational and vocational
training facilities are also provided.
(c) Sports Projects
Development Area (SPDA)
This Scheme, started in 1988, aims at providing
basic sports facilities at 78 locations throughout the country, where a
comprehensive and integrated system of coaching and training is provided
to talented young sportspersons in the age group of 9 to 14 years. This
is aimed at providing in-house facilities to the talented youth in their
own states. A maximum of three Olympic disciplines, in addition to one
indigenous game, are offered for training. Three Olympic disciplines
should generally include at least one of the three mother disciplines,
i.e. athletics, gymnastics, swimming in each centre. Thirty out of 34
SPDA Centres have started functioning, with a total strength of 679
sportspersons. An amount of Rs. 1.00 crore is budgeted for the
construction of these Centres (met equally by the Centre and the
concerned State), and all running costs are met by SAI.
(d) Sports Hostel Scheme
This Scheme was introduced to provide basic
facilities in each State and National level Championships. All running
costs, including equipment, training, etc. are provided by SAI. Each
hostel has a sanctioned strength of 50 boys and 30 girls. 18 hostels
have so far been established with 895 children.
(e) Boys Sports Companies
in the Army
This scheme is an extension of the N.S.T.C.
scheme and was approved for implementation from the year 1991-92. SAI
and Army authorities have jointly launched this Scheme to scout talented
boys upto the age of 14 years from rural, semi urban and tribal areas
and train them in sports.
Seventeen Boys Sports Companies for 2000 boys
are to be set up during the VIII Plan at selected Regimental Centres.
The boys will be put into Regimental Schools which will be affiliated to
the CBSE. On attaining the age of 17 years and on completion of 10th
standard, the boys will be absorbed in the Army, if they so wish.
Thereby, a job is guaranteed to them. The running costs are borne by SAI.
It also provides a one time grant to the Army for creation and
development of sports infrastructure, purchase of essential sports
equipment upto Rs. 3.00 Iakh and for training kit/aid upto Rs.1.00 lakh.
Thereafter, an annual grant of Rs. 50,000/ is provided. 17 Boys Sports
Companies have become functional with a total strength of 859
(f) National Coaching
The National Coaching Scheme, which was first
introduced in 1955, is meant to encourage people to take up coaching.
The Scheme, over the years has undergone numerous changes and is now a
major source for meeting the requirement of coaches by various user
Under the Scheme, coaches are made available to
States/UTs for State coaching centres, district coaching and university
field stations and also to national sports federations/associations.
Coaches are also deployed in SAI regional centres, academic wings and in
house training centres. At present, the total strength of coaches under
the scheme is 1677.
(g) Sports Science
Research Fellowship Scheme
The Sports Authority of India awards Sports
Science Fellowships to research workers for carrying out research in
sports science related areas such as sports physiology, sports injuries,
sports big mechanics and training methods. Under the Scheme, 5-10
fellowships are awarded every year. The value of each fellowship grant
is Rs. 20,000/ per annum with an additional contingency grant of Rs.
10,000/ per annum Academic Wings.