The history of the game is varied and ancient.
Philologists have suggested that the name tennis was adopted from the
French exclamation 'tenez'. Another view associates the term tennis with
an Egyptian town on the Nile known as Tinnis in Arabic. Together with
court tennis, the 12th century crusaders brought some of its terms to
Europe. Thus, racket is derived form the Arab word 'rahat' meaning 'the
palm of hand'.
After 1800, the game become popular in Europe
and rules become formalised. Finally in 1877, the game became totally
How the game is played
Lawn Tennis is a game played indoors or
outdoors on a rectangular court by two persons (in singles) or by four
persons (doubles). The players use rackets to strike a ball back and
forth across a net. The object is to score points by hitting the ball
out of the opponents reach or in such a way that he cannot return it
A player who gains 4 points with an advantage
of two or more points over the opponent wins a game. 6 games make one
set. Both in singles doubles, men compete in 3-set matches. A player who
gains two out of 3 sets wins a match. To win the final match, however, a
player who gains 3 out of 5 sets. In the other events (singles for
women, doubles for women, and mixed doubles), the 3-set system is
adopted; in this system, a player must gain two out of 3 sets to win a
To win a game, it is necessary to gain 4
points, with an advantage of two or more points over the opponent. In
case of deuce, a player must gain two straight points to win the game.
To win a set, it is necessary to win 6 games, with an advantage of two
or more games. If the score is 5-5, the player who then gains two
consecutive games wins. If the score is 6-6, the tie-break system is
used to decide the winner.